El Niño threatens Thai agriculture with 5% rainfall drop and water shortages

The El Niño climate pattern’s impression on Thailand is turning into more obvious, with sizzling and dry conditions persisting regardless of the rainy season’s official graduation on May 22. The Meteorological Department has introduced that this year’s total rainfall will be approximately 5% decrease than the annual average, resulting in potential water shortages and prolonged dry spells.
The El Niño phenomenon, which may continue until February 2024, is predicted to peak in August and September. Heavy rain and flash floods may be triggered by one or two tropical storms shifting across Thailand’s northern and northeastern areas.
Nipon Puapongsakorn, a distinguished fellow on the Thailand Development Research Institute, highlighted issues regarding the agricultural sector, particularly the durian crop, which requires significant water throughout its four-month development interval. Water shortages may lead to conflicts between agricultural, industrial, and repair sectors, she advised Bangkok Post.
Visit Limlurcha, vice-chairman of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, acknowledged that El Niño could cause a widespread drought in Asia and Thailand, predominantly affecting agricultural areas. This could end in reduced crop yields, increased raw materials prices, and a adverse influence on the country’s earnings, exports, and financial system.
Chookiat Ophaswongse, honorary president of the Thai Rice Exporters Association, said it’s too early to evaluate the potential impact of El Niño on rice production, as it is dependent upon rainfall ranges from July to September. However, Thailand’s export rivals, such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Myanmar, are additionally expected to be affected.
Case study on Commerce, Industry and Banking (JSCCIB) has proposed measures to deal with drought and water management, emphasising the need for enough water provide for agricultural manufacturing and exports. The JSCCIB additionally careworn the significance of accelerating negotiations to open new markets and elevate the business provide line to sort out challenges arising from the El Niño phenomenon..

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